26 November 2011
Technology for monitoring forest cover developed by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and used to detect deforestation is being transferred to other countries. The pressure on countries to increase control and monitoring over their tropical forest areas grows as climate negotiations advance. INPE developed a monitoring system for tracking deforestation and the technique has proven effective domestically and found to be applicable in other countries.
The Brazilian Government, in partnership with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization and the Japan International Cooperation Agency, has established training program in countries such as Mexico, Gabon, Guyana, Congo, Papua New Guinea and Vietnam, many of which intend to utilize this monitoring system. Six international groups from Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador are currently receiving training in Belém, Pará state, in the Amazon region in Brazil. African countries also are also interested in the system. The Congo, which has the world’s second largest rainforest, Mozambique and Angola have sent personnel to be trained in Brazil.
The satellite monitoring of the Amazon rainforest has gained momentum with the creation of software called “Terra Amazon”. The system collects images from the U.S. Landsat satellite and transforms them into maps defining various ecosystems and allows an evaluation of forest degradation at different stages.